The historic city of Kimberley rests at the confluence of the Vaal and Orange Rivers in South Africa. The city was a major battle point in the Anglo Boer war and has further historical importance due to significant diamond mining. In 1913, the South African Aviation Corps opened a flight school (the second oldest in the world) which is still in operation today. Come discover the South African desert among the tower palm trees, abounding wildlife and beautiful scenery when you book your car hire in Kimberley.
The Mokala National Park is located 80 km southwest of Kimberley. The short trip will afford you the opportunity to discover the wilderness of South Africa. The park is made up of skirting desert hills and sprawling sandy plains. Small rivers and estuaries provide nutrients for the Camel Thorn Tree, the reason for the park's protection; it gives crucial shade for local tribes and wildlife in the hostile arid environment. Many hiking trails traverse the landscape and provide a wonderful opportunity to see animals such as the Black Rhino and Wildebeest.
The Big Hole is debatably the largest hole excavated by hand in the world. Between the years of 1871 and 1914 over 50,000 miners excavated 22 million tons of earth, uncovering 2,720 kg of diamonds. Mining for diamonds, like any other underground resource, has always been a perilous profession. Older, more dangerous mines like the Big Hole are now dormant and diamonds are no longer mined; adjacent to the hole is a museum covering the history of mining in Kimberley.
The Kimberley Mining Museum commemorates 100 years of mining in Kimberley and the people who lost their lives in the quest for diamonds. The museum covers the history, geology, chemistry, and engineering that perpetuated the diamond boom in the late 1800's and shows a timeline from the first diamond discovery to the present. The Big Hole mine played a big role in the world diamond industry and provided exponential commerce to the state of North Cape. In order to appreciate the full scale of Big Hole, the museum has built a platform where you can stare down the 240-meter hole. Come discover the lasting legacy of this vibrant South African town when you book your car hire in Kimberley.
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